About the speaker:
Professor Neville Stanton, PhD, DSc, is a Chartered Psychologist, Chartered Ergonomist and Chartered Engineer. He holds the Chair in Human Factors Engineering in the Faculty of Engineering and the Environment at the University of Southampton in the UK. He has degrees in Occupational Psychology, Applied Psychology and Human Factors Engineering and has worked at the Universities of Aston, Brunel, Cornell and MIT. His research interests include modelling, predicting, analysing and evaluating human performance in systems as well as designing the interfaces and interaction between humans and technology. Professor Stanton has worked on design of automobiles, aircraft, ships and control rooms over the past 30 years, on a variety of automation projects. He has published 35 books and over 270 journal papers on Ergonomics and Human Factors. In 1998 he was presented with the Institution of Electrical Engineers Informatics Divisional Premium Award for research into System Safety. The Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors in the UK awarded him The Otto Edholm Medal in 2001, The President’s Medal in 2008 and The Sir Frederic Bartlett Medal in 2012 for his contributions to basic and applied ergonomics research. The Royal Aeronautical Society awarded him and his colleagues the Hodgson Prize in 2006 for research on design-induced, flight-deck, error published in The Aeronautical Journal. The University of Southampton has awarded him a Doctor of Science in 2014 for his sustained contribution to the development and validation of Human Factors methods.
Over the past 30 years I have been conducting investigations into the design of future ways of working, such as supervising semi and fully automated systems in automobiles, aviation and central control rooms (on land and at sea). I have been a strong advocate of the application of Human Factors methods. During this lecture I will present ongoing studies from my Human Factors Engineering laboratory at the University of Southampton. Current projects include designing driver interaction and interfaces for automated automobiles, designing aircraft cockpits for distributed crewing in commercial aviation and designing reduced crewing for submarine control rooms. In all of these studies we have been using the Event Analysis of Systemic Team-work (EAST) method. This method models systems in terms of task, social and information networks. Task networks model the relationships between tasks, their sequence and interdependences. Social networks model the communications taking place between the actors and agents working in the system. Finally, information networks model the information that the different actors and agents use and communicate during task performance. The composite network model brings all of these networks together. I will show how these models can be used to compare performance and test resilience in a range of sociotechnical systems.